HIGH VOLTAGES CAPACITOR

 

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"ALL-FILM" Medium voltage CAPACITORS

Medium voltage capacitors are composed of elementary or partial capacitances, generally connected in several series-parallel groups, providing the required electrical characteristics for the unit.

  • The nominal voltage of a capacitor depends on the number of groups in series
  • The nominal power of a capacitor depends on the number of partial capacitances in parallel per group

Each elementary capacitance is made of two sheets of aluminium foil forming the reinforcements or the electrodes and special high quality polypropylene film which is rough to assist impregnation, forming part of the insulation.


This wired capacitance assembly, referred to as the"active part", is positioned in a stainless steel case, which has insulated porcelain terminals or bushings at the top for connecting the device.

After the "active part" has been dried and treated, is impregnated under vacuum with a liquid dielectric of the following type :

  • Non-chlorinated
  • Non-toxic
  • Biodegradable

With the polypropylene film, this liquid dielectric, which has a remarkably high chemical stability, a high gas absorption capacity and a high partial discharge extinction capacity (discharges for which the flash point is approximately 150°C), ensures total insulation between electrodes.

This "all-film" capacitor technology has the following main characteristics :

  • Excellent resistance to strong electrical fields
  • Very low power losses, leading to considerable savings for high power capacitor banks

Variation of the W/kVA r losses as a function of the temperature
Variation of the capacitance C (μF) as a function of the temperature
Variation of the W/kVA r losses as a function of the operating time
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In comparison with the previous generation of "mixed" type dielectric (paper + film) capacitors, synthetic"all‑film" type dielectric capacitors have a much longer service life, due to :

  • Their excellent thermal stability related to very low power losses, due to the removal of the paper

  • The remarkable chemical stability of the liquid dielectric, giving :
    • A high partial discharge absorption capacity
    • High dielectric resistance to transient overcurrents and overvoltages
    • A very low variation of capacitance as a function of temperature

  • Average loss factor :
    • 0.15 W/kVAr at power-up
    • 0.1 W/kVAr after 500 hours' operation

  • Variation of the capacitance as a function of the temperature :
    • Average: 2 x 10-4/°C.

  • Internal discharge device :
    • Internal discharge resistors reducing the residual voltage to 75 V in 10 minutes after disconnection of the supply

  • Frequency : Standard: 50 Hz (60 Hz on request)

  • Reference standards :
    • French : C 54 102
    • International :
      • IEC 60 871.1 and 2 (supply capacitors)
      • IEC 60 110 (capacitors for air or water cooled induction furnaces)
    • German : VDE 0560/4, VDE 0560/9
    • British : BS 1650
    • Other standards on request


alpivar high voltage capacitor

 

• Permissible overloads

  • Current: 1.3 I nominal continuously
  • Voltage (between terminals) :
    • 1.1 U nominal, 12 hours in every 24 hours
    • 1.15 U nominal, 30 minutes in every 24 hours
    • 1.2 U nominal, 5 minutes in every 24 hours
    • 1.3 U nominal, 1 minute in every 24 hours

• Standard insulation levels (phases/earth) for individual capacitors

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• Individual tests

  • Measurement of capacitance and losses
  • Voltage test between terminals, i.e. :
    • 2 U nominal, 10 s. AC voltage
    • 4 U nominal, 10 s. DC voltage
  • Voltage test between joined terminals and earth at industrial frequency
  • Test of discharge device and seal-tightness of the case.

Protection devices for "all-film" MV capacitors

There are four protection options for "all-film" MV capacitors :

  • Without internal fuses and external protection by unbalance monitoring
  • With internal fuses and external protection by unbalance monitoring
  • Without pressure monitoring device and external protection by HRC fuses
  • With pressure monitoring device and external protection by HRC fuses

The choice between these four options is dependent on the following criteria :

  • Electrical characteristics of the capacitor (power, voltage, connection)
  • Customer's requirements concerning the sensitivity of the protection device

The following table gives the possible type of protection for the capacitor and its advantages, according to the above criteria.

alpivar high voltage capacitor

 

Installation conditions for "all-film" MV capacitors

Temperature class
• Standard: - 25/+ 45°C :

  • 45°C average over 1 hour
  • 40°C average over 24 hours
  • 30°C average over 1 year

Protection against corrosion

  • Installation possible: indoor or outdoor
  • Stainless steel case, with one coat of primer and several top coats (RAL 7033)

Compatibility with the environment

  • "All-film" capacitors are impregnated with a (PCB‑free) biodegradable liquid dielectric. Their installation does not require any particular precautions with regard to the environment.


Dimensions and weights of "all-film" MV capacitors

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ALPES Technologies schaffner Legrand TC Contactor CS Electric M Schneider GECO HPL Metering
                             


O F F I C E :

PT. INTRACO INDONESIA
Komplek Mahkota Ancol C/50
JL. R.E. Martadinata, Jakarta 14420 INDONESIA
     
Phone : (+62-21) 64717528 ; 64717529
  Fax : (+62-21) 64717530

Email : info@intracoindonesia.co.id

  Website : www.intracoindonesia.co.id